Tuning in to the troubled SABC
Parliament’s Portfolio Committee on Communications indicated that it would be returning to work early this year to allow for the interviewing of candidates and the filling of the positions, because until then, the SABC is operating without any visible leadership.
There have been concerns raised (rightly so) regarding the limited time frame within which the appointments are intended to be made, as due diligence is necessary.
At present, this is even more true for state-owned enterprises like the SABC, in the wake of state capture and the history of maladministration at the public broadcaster.
In the past, the appointments have taken well over a month, thus ensuring transparency and accountability, as well as public participation in the appointment process.
The committee is no doubt chasing deadlines, as 2019 is also an election year, meaning Parliament will rise early to fulfil constituency duties leading up to May 2019. Regardless, a sound and open process must be carried out.
Of particular concern in the SABC’s case, is the apparent reason behind the abrupt resignations from the board that looked to be the saving grace of the embattled SOE.
At the root of the mass exodus seems to be the relationship between the board and newly-appointed Minister of Communications, Telecommunications and Postal Services, Minister Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams.
When the board decided to retrench close to 1 000 employees and 1 200 freelancers as part of its restructuring process - estimated to save the SABC about R400 million a year - the minister opposed the decision and reassured staff their positions were safe.
This was presumably done because the minister believed the board was no longer acting in the interests of the SABC and Treasury would grant the R3 billion bailout needed to keep the broadcaster afloat.
The board and the minister could not agree on a way forward and this led to the resignations.
The SABC has a history of over- involvement on the part of the minister in the day-to-day running of its affairs.
During minister Faith Muthambi’s tenure, which coincided with that of former chief operations officer Hlaudi Motsoeneng, the South Gauteng High Court, in SOS Support Public Broadcasting Coalition and Others v SABC and Others, declared that the board, not the minister, must control the affairs of the SABC.
The judgment emphasised the oversight role of the minister and ordered the office of the minister to allow the board to do its job with minimal interference.
Since Muthambi, the position of communications minister has been held by three people, including Ndabeni-Abrahams, each with a differently composed board (or interim board).
This game of musical chairs has not contributed to the bid to stabilise the beleaguered broadcaster.
The minister’s involvement is reminiscent of previous political interference at the SABC, which led to political and editorial interference being investigated in an inquiry last year.
The SABC is a public broadcaster, not a state broadcaster and its corporate and political independence are imperative to its management.
Allegations of sexual harassment and jobs for sexual favours were also investigated by an inquiry last year.
Both inquiries showed that the rot at the SABC runs deeper than financial mismanagement. Each requires expedient solutions.
While it is clear that financial woes are not the only battles being fought by the SABC, they are the most pertinent to keep it going in 2019. Without a cash injection from national Treasury, the SABC will most likely be unable to operate beyond March.
Due to the clear competition for funds from Treasury from other troubled SOEs like Eskom and SAA, it is highly unlikely that a bailout will be available.
A further nail in the coffin is the notice issued in December by the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission asking the SABC for an explanation as to why it believed it was not trading recklessly under insolvent circumstances.
The SABC was given 20 days to respond and those days are fast running out.
The SABC is running on its reserves. The minister has little time to help turn this sinking ship around or the broadcaster may fail.
The importance of the SABC cannot be overstated, as for many living in South Africa it is the sole source of information.
This is an election year and in the build-up to May, the country cannot afford the collapse of the public broadcaster. Many of the troubles at the SABC have been lain at the feet of Motsoeneng, but as time passes it is clear that the culture of mismanagement remained at the broadcaster, much like that of ministerial overreach.
If there is any hope of a true turnaround, all the players must abide by their mandates and operate transparently for the betterment of the SABC.
* Rebecca Sibanda is a legal assistant at the Centre for Constitutional Rights.
** The views expressed here are not necessarily those of Independent Media.