Methodist Church elects Rev Malinga as first female presiding bishop
As Rev Jennifer Samdaan, a prominent female minister in the church, points out, “there had been 99 men before her. For her to be chosen to lead us is wonderful”. The Rev Madika Sibeko noted in isiXhosa: “Zajiki’izinto” (things are changing). Indeed, things are changing in the Methodist church.
The Methodist church is South Africa’s largest “mainline” Christian denomination, with its roots in the 18th century Wesleyan revival. Methodism quickly spread throughout Europe, the Americas, Asia and Africa. In part, this was because of the zeal of missionary societies, but also because of the spread of the British empire.
The Methodist Church of Southern Africa became an independent church in 1889. It is the largest Protestant Christian denomination in South Africa. Having a woman elected as the presiding bishop is of great significance to the denomination and the region.
“Bishop Malinga will be the church’s most senior leader, with the responsibility to guide the regional bishops and the ministry and mission of the church in the six southern African countries.
These are South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Mozambique, Eswatini and Botswana. Her personality and inclusive style of leadership is likely to bring some important changes to the culture and identity of southern African Methodism.
She previously served as the first (and only) woman bishop of a regional synod, the Natal Coastal District (until 2008). She is a widely respected minister who first qualified as a teacher before entering the ministry and completing her theological studies at Harvard University in the US.
The Methodist Church of Southern Africa has a history of challenging tradition. Bishop Malinga’s induction heralds a new era in southern African Methodism, and indeed church leadership in the region. Her election as the first woman to the post coincided with three other women being elected as regional bishops in the six countries that the church serves. These women are Bishop Yvette Moses (Cape of Good Hope District), Bishop Faith Whitby (Central District, the largest district, covering parts of the Gauteng and North West provinces), and Bishop Charmaine Morgan (Namibia).
Methodism first landed on South African shores in 1795, cloaked in the guise of colonialism and the empire. This date was just four years after the death of John Wesley, the founder of the movement. This makes the Methodist Church of Southern Africa one of the oldest Methodist or Wesleyan churches in the world.
The first record of a Methodist in the region was in the Christian Magazine and Evangelical Repository (1802). The article tells of a British soldier named John Irwin who had been stationed at the Cape of Good Hope from 1795 to protect colonial interests in the region. It records that he hired a small room and began to hold prayer meetings and services.
The formal mission of the church began in 1816 under the leadership of Rev Barnabas Shaw. The Methodists of the Cape were entwined in colonialism, as were most missionary movements that emanated from Britain at the time. Nevertheless, they sought to minister not just to the colonisers, but to the indigenous people living in the area and to slaves.
This got them into trouble with the British colonial authorities. An example was the refusal by the governor of the Cape, Lord Charles Somerset, to let Rev Shaw establish a congregation at the Cape. So began a history of civil disobedience. The Methodist Church continued to show great courage in addressing social, political and structural injustice.
It’s fair to ask why it’s taken almost 200 years for women to be elected to leadership positions in the church.
The most obvious reason is that Christianity, in general, remains a patriarchal religion. The Methodist Church of Southern Africa is no different: men dominate the leadership and formal structures at almost every level.
The church first allowed women ordination 43 years ago. By 2016, only 17% of the clergy were women, only 4% of regional leaders (circuit superintendents) were women, and there were no women bishops.
In her address to the 130th annual conference of the Methodist Church of Southern Africa, at which her election was confirmed, Rev Malinga echoed the words of Oliver Tambo, the late anti-apartheid activist and leader of the African National Congress in exile, who said: “No country can boast of being free unless its women are free.”
Her election, and those of Moses, Morgan and Whitby, brings South Africa a step closer to reaching that true freedom. The Conversation
Dion Forster is Head of Department, Systematic Theology and Ecclesiology, Professor in Ethics and Public Theology, Director of the Beyers Naudé Centre for Public Theology, Stellenbosch University
The views expressed herein are not necessarily those of Independent Media